The Annual Allowance is the maximum amount of tax free growth an individual’s pension can grow by in one year. Generally the limit covers all contributions to pension schemes but not the State Pension. The limit is set by HMRC and if an individual exceeds this limit they may need to pay an Annual Allowance charge to HMRC.
The majority of members should not be affected by the Annual Allowance but there are a number of circumstances where members could see significant growth in their NHS Pension Scheme benefits that takes them over the Annual Allowance.
The circumstances are listed in Annual Allowance - does it affect me? (PDF: 96.5KB) You should consider whether you are affected by one of these circumstances before contacting NHS Pensions about Annual Allowance.
If you are a new member to the 2015 Scheme or a transition member, you should read the Annual Allowance transition members factsheet (PDF: 282KB) as well as the Flexibility Value Earnings Credit and its effect on the 2015/2016 Annual Allowance (PDF: 121KB). You should consider whether you are affected by one of these circumstances before contacting NHS Pensions about Annual Allowance.
From 6 April 2011 the Annual Allowance was reduced and the method of calculation was changed, the information confirms how this affects pension growth in the NHS Pension Scheme.
The table below shows the Annual Allowance limits from 6 April 2011:
|Tax year||Annual Allowance|
The Finance (No 2) Act 2015 introduced two important changes to Annual Allowance:
- To adjust the pension input period during the 2015/16 tax year so that it becomes aligned with the tax year from 6 April 2016. Transitional rules have been brought in for the 2015/16 tax year to make sure that pension savings up to £80,000 made before 9 July 2015 are protected from an Annual Allowance charge.
- To taper the Annual Allowance for members who have a ‘threshold income’ of over £110,000 and an ‘adjusted income’ of £150,000 from 6 April 2016.
The Tapered Annual Allowance
The following factsheets have important information about the changes:
HMRC has published guidance on how to calculate your tapered Annual Allowance, including a calculator, on their website.
Important note if you are subject to the tapered Annual Allowance and have an Annual Allowance charge you should be aware that HMRC have not changed the criteria for schemes to accept a Scheme Pays Election. This means if you have an Annual Allowance charge because of the tapered Annual Allowance you can only ask for Scheme Pays if the pension input amount with this Scheme exceeds £40,000 and for the Annual Allowance charge in respect of the excess over £40,000. Schemes are not required to accept a Scheme Pays Election for an Annual Allowance charge for the difference between the Tapered Annual Allowance and the standard Annual Allowance.
If the Annual Allowance affects you:
How the Annual Allowance is calculated
This section provides you with information on how the Annual Allowance is calculated and calculation examples.
This page contains various pieces of information about how the Annual Allowance is calculated.
Annual Allowance examples:
Note for Practitioners members about the Annual Allowance examples
Practitioners earn pensions based on their earnings throughout their career. These are re-valued to maintain a current value and are known as Career Average Re-valued Earnings (CARE) pensions.
Practitioners who have also worked as NHS Staff or as a GP registrar may also have pension earned on the final salary method as well as on the CARE method.
Members who have this type of mixed employment will have additional calculations applied to their pension records to ensure that the most favourable pension is paid to them. Once the pension has been calculated steps 2, 3 and 4 for the opening value and steps 2 and 3 for the closing value can be followed.
Exceeding the Annual Allowance
This section provides you with information about exceeding the Annual Allowance.
NHS Pensions will only provide you (the member) with the pension input amount for the relevant tax year and the three previous tax years if available. It is your responsibility for establishing and calculating any Annual Allowance charge. A calculator to aid with this is available on HMRCs website.
If you exceed the Annual Allowance there may be an annual charge to pay. This is not at a fixed rate but depends on how much taxable income you have and the amount of pension saving in excess of the Annual Allowance. To calculate this you need to work out the rate of tax that would be charged if your excess pension savings were added to your taxable income and taxed based on your marginal income tax rate.
If you have any unused Annual Allowance from the previous three tax years this may be used to offset against an Annual Allowance charge in the relevant tax year. You can ‘look back’ up to three previous tax years to see if you have any unused allowance from these years and if so, you may be able to ‘carry forward’ the unused allowance and add it to your Annual Allowance limit in the current tax year. This may prevent an Annual Allowance Charge being payable.
If you had exceeded the Annual Allowance by £15,000 in 2011/12 but had unused Annual Allowance from the three previous tax years of £25,000 then you would not be liable for an Annual Allowance Charge. It is the your responsibility to check whether you have any used allowance from the preceding three tax years to carry forward to the relevant tax year being assessed. The pension saving statement provided by NHS Pensions will include the pension input amounts for the previous three tax years assuming the information is available from the NHS employer.
Informing you about Annual Allowance
This section tells you when NHS Pensions will inform members if their NHS pension growth in the 1995/2008 Scheme or the 2015 Scheme is more than the standard Annual Allowance.
We will send you a pension savings statement if:
- growth in your 1995/2008 Scheme or 2015 Scheme benefits is more than the standard Annual Allowance
- you are a transition member, with pension entitlement in both NHS Pension Schemes, and the total growth in your NHS benefits across both the 1995/2008 Pension Scheme and the 2015 NHS Pension Scheme exceeds the standard Annual Allowance. You will receive a statement from each NHS Scheme
Provided we receive the necessary membership information from your NHS employer or a third party to calculate your NHS pension growth by 6 July we will write to you by 6 October if you have exceeded the standard Annual Allowance.
If we receive the membership information after 6 July we have three months of us receiving this information to send you a statement.
We are unable to calculate growth in NHS benefits for medical practitioners until the completion of your Annual Certificate of Pensionable Profit and NHS Pensions receiving confirmation of your certified year end earnings.
If we receive membership information with uncertified earnings when you have not left the NHS Scheme this may result in you receiving a statement based on these ‘estimated’ earnings.
If this has been the case you should write to NHS Pensions requesting a revised pension savings statement when you have completed your annual certificate and know that your certified year end earnings have been sent to us.
If you are a member of the NHS Money Purchase AVC Scheme we will send you a pension savings statement if:
- contributions paid to the NHS Money Purchase AVC Scheme exceed the standard Annual Allowance; or
- you have flexibly accessed your money purchase arrangement and contributions to the NHS Money Purchase AVC Scheme exceed the Money Purchase Annual Allowance.
You can request an on demand pension savings statement if you do not expect the growth of your NHS benefits to exceed the standard Annual Allowance or you have pension savings with another registered pension scheme.
The Pension Savings Statement is not an Annual Benefit Statement and does not include an estimate of NHS Pension Scheme benefits. More information about Total Reward Statements and Annual Benefit Statements can be found on the Total Reward Statements website.
If the growth in your NHS pension benefits exceeds the Annual Allowance you can ask NHS Pensions to pay your Annual Allowance charge. This section provides you with information about Scheme Pays.
This section of the Annual Allowance pages provides a range of information about the Scheme Pays facility operated by NHS Pensions.
NHS Pensions no longer provides Provisional Pension Savings Statements for Type 1 and 2 Medical Practitioners and non-GP Providers. Only statements based on final certified earnings will be issued where growth in NHS benefits is in excess of the Annual Allowance or one is requested.
HMRC confirm that in order to meet the Scheme Pays deadline, members should estimate their liability to an Annual Allowance charge if they do not have available information. Members should not delay their election to wait for a statement.
Following receipt of an initial election notice, within HMRC’s deadline, you must complete a further election if there is a change to the amount of your Annual Allowance charge. This could occur if they initially estimated their liability and following receipt of a Pension Savings Statement your Annual Allowance charge has either increased or decreased.
HMRC’s deadline for making an initial election is 31 July in the year following the tax year of the Annual Allowance charge.
In the tax year 2014/15 an individual has an Annual Allowance charge and can apply for Scheme Pays. By 31 January 2016 they have to complete their self-assessment and declare if they are paying the Annual Allowance charge or they are requesting their scheme to pay. If they elect for Scheme Pays their election for Scheme Pays must reach the Scheme by 31 July 2016.
Further information about scheme pays elections and for changing an existing election notice are confirmed in the ‘Scheme Pays Election Guidance Notes' factsheet below.
Please remember if a Scheme Pays election is made on estimated figures confirmation must be sent when confirmed Annual Allowance figures are known – HMRC have given a deadline of 4 years from the Scheme Pays deadline from the end of the tax-year to which the liability relates. Failure to send a revised election may cause you to under or overpay the Annual Allowance charge to HMRC and will affect the payment of your benefits at retirement.
If you want to make a Scheme Pays election you will need the documents below:
Please ensure that you are using the current version of the Scheme Pays Election Notice (SPE2) from the above. Incorrect or out of date forms may be returned.
Please note: a request for Scheme Pays in respect of the tapered Annual Allowance will not be accepted. Please see the information about the tapered Annual Allowance provided on this page.
This section contains Annual Allowance factsheets providing information about particular circumstances. These include the alternative Annual Allowance as a result of flexibly accessing money purchase benefits and exemptions to the Annual Allowance.
Read the following factsheets for more information:
There are a range of different terms and phrases used to explain or describe the Annual Allowance and we provide explanations in the Annual Allowance glossary factsheet (PDF: 189KB).